All peer reviewed publications produced in the last twelve years are listed below. Names of trainees are in bold.


Potter, G., Swart, C.W., van Wyk, P.W.J., Duvenhage, M.M., Coetsee, E., Swart, H.C., Budge, S.M. and Speers, R.A. 2018. Compositional, ultrastructural and nanotechnological characterization of the SMA strain of Saccharomyces pastorianus: Towards a more complete fermentation yeast cell analysis. PLOS ONE 13(7): e0200552. PDF

O’Donovan, S.A, Budge, S.M., Hobson, K.A., Kelly, A.P. and Derocher, A.E. 2018. Intrapopulation variability in wolf diet revealed using a combined stable isotope and fatty acid approach. Ecosphere 9: e02420. 10.1002/ecs2.2420. PDF

Conners, M.G., Goetsch, C., Budge, S.M., Walker, W.A., Mitani, Y., Costa, D.P. and Shaffer, S.A. 2018. Fisheries exploitation by a marine predator quantified with lipid analysis. Frontiers in Marine Science. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00113. PDF

 Xia, W. and Budge, S.M. 2018. Simultaneous quantification of epoxy and hydroxy fatty acids as oxidation products of triacylglycerols in edible oils. Journal of Chromatography A 1537: 83-90. PDF


Xia, W. and Budge, S.M. 2018. GC-MS characterization of hydroxy fatty acids generated from lipid oxidation in vegetable oils. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology 120: 1700313. DOI: 10.1002/ejlt.201700313. PDF

Potter, G., Xia, W., Budge, S.M. and Speers, R.A. 2017. Quantitative analysis of 3-OH oxylipins in fermentation yeast. Canadian Journal of Microbiology. 63: 100-109. DOI: 10.1139/cjm-2016-0436. PDF

Bromaghin, J.F., Budge, S.M., Thiemann, G.W. 2017. Detect and exploit hidden structure in fatty acid signature data. Ecosphere 8: e01896. DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.1896. PDF

Bromaghin, J.F., Budge, S.M., Thiemann, G.W. and Rode, K.D. 2017. Simultaneous estimation of diet composition and calibration coefficients with fatty acid signature data. Ecology and Evolution 00:1–12. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.3179. PDF

Xia, W. and Budge, S.M. 2017. Techniques for the analysis of minor lipid oxidation products derived from triacylglycerols: epoxides, alcohols, and ketones. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety 16: 735-758. DOI: 10.1111/1541-4337.12276. PDF

Oxoby, L.E., Horstmann, L., Budge, S.M., O’Brien, D.M., Wang, S.W., Schollmeier, T.M. and Wooller, M.J. 2017. Resource partitioning between Pacific walruses and bearded seals in the Alaska Arctic and sub-Arctic. Oecologia 184: 385-398. DOI:10.1007/s00442-017-3883-7. PDF


Oxtoby, L.E., Budge, S.M., Iken, K., O’Brien, D.M. and Wooller, M.J. 2016. Feeding ecologies of key bivalve and polychaete species in the Bering Sea as elucidated by fatty acid and compound specific stable isotope analyses. Marine Ecology Progress Series 557: 161-175. https:/ PDF

Budge, S.M., Aucoin, L.R., Ziegler, S.E. and Lall, S.P. 2016. Fractionation of stable carbon isotopes of tissue fatty acids in Atlantic pollock (Pollachius virens). Ecosphere 7: 1-16. DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.1437. PDF

Bromaghin, J.F., Budge, S.M., Thiemann, G.W. 2016. Should fatty acid signature proportions sum to 1 for diet estimation? Ecological Research. 31: 597–606. DOI: 10.1007/s11284-016-1357-8. PDF

Xia, W., Budge, S.M. and Lumsden, M. 2016. 1H NMR characterization of epoxides derived from polyunsaturated fatty acids. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society 93: 467-478. DOI: 10.1007/s11746-016-2800-2. PDF

Bromaghin, J.F., Budge, S.M., Thiemann, G.W. and Rode, K.D. 2016. Assessing the robustness of quantitative fatty acid signature analysis to assumption violations. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 7:51-91. DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12456. PDF

Wang, S.W., Springer, A.M., Budge, S.M., Horstmann-Dehn, L., Quakenbush, L.T. and Wooller, M.J. 2016. Carbon sources and trophic relationships of ice seals during recent environmental shifts in the Bering Sea. Ecological Applications. DOI: 10.1890/14-2421. 


Xia, W., Budge, S.M. and Lumsden, M. 2015. A new 1H NMR-based technique to determine epoxide concentrations in oxidized oil. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 63: 5780–5786. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.5b01719. PDF

Potter, G., Budge, S.M. and Speers, R.A. 2015. Beyond diazomethane: Alternative approaches to analyzing non-esterified fatty acids. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology. 117: 908–917. doi: 10.1002/ejlt.201400404. PDF

Bromaghin, J.F., Rode, K.D., Budge, S.M. and Thiemann, G.W. 2015. Distance measures and optimization spaces in quantitative fatty acid signature analysis. Ecology and Evolution 5: 1249-1262. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1429. PDF

Sullivan Ritter, J.C., Budge, S.M., Jovica,F. and Reid, A.-J. M. 2015. Oxidation rates of triglyceride and ethyl ester fish oils. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society 92: 561-569. DOI 10.1007/s11746-015-2612-9. PDF

Wang, S.W., Budge, S.M., Iken, K., Gradinger, R.R., Springer, A.M. and Wooller, M.J. 2015. Importance of sympagic production to Bering Sea zooplankton as revealed from fatty acid-carbon stable isotope analyses. Marine Ecology Progress Series 518: 31-50. doi: 10.3354/meps11076. PDF

Potter, G., Budge, S.M. and Speers, R.A. 2015. Flocculation, cell surface hydrophobicity and 3-OH oxylipins in the SMA strain of Saccharomyces pastorianus. Journal of the Institute of Brewing 121: 31-37. DOI 10.1002/jib.186. PDF

Reid, A.-J.M. and Budge, S.M. 2015. Identification of unresolved complex mixtures (UCMs) of hydrocarbons in commercial fish oil supplements. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 95: 423-428. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.6741. PDF


Duerksen, S.W., Thiemann, G.W., Budge, S.M., Poulin, M., Niemi, A. and Michel, C. 2014. Large, omega-3 rich, pelagic diatoms under Arctic sea ice: sources and implications for food webs. PLoS ONE 9(12): e114070. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0114070. PDF

Graham, C., Wang, S.W., Oxtoby, L., Budge, S., Wooller, M.J. 2014. Sourcing fatty acids to juvenile polar cod (Boreogadus saida) in the Beaufort Sea using compound-specific stable carbon isotope analyses. Polar Biology 37: 697-705. PDF

Budge, S.M., Devred, E. Forget, M.-H., Stuart, V., Trzcinski, M.K., Sathyendranath, S. and Platt, T. 2014. Estimating concentrations of essential omega-3 fatty acids in the ocean: Supply and demand. ICES Journal of Marine Science 71: 1885-1893. doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsu003. PDF

Rode, K. D., Regehr, E.V., Douglas, D.C., Durner, G., Derocher, A.E., Thiemann, G.W. and Budge, S.M. 2014. Variation in the response of an Arctic top predator experiencing habitat loss: feeding and reproductive ecology of two polar bear populations. Global Change Biology 20: 76-88. 10.1111/gcb.12339. PDF

Wang, S.W., Budge, S.M., Gradinger, R.R., Iken, K., Wooller, M.J. 2014. Fatty acid and stable isotope characteristics of sea ice and pelagic particulate organic matter in the Bering Sea: tools for estimating sea ice algal contribution to Arctic food web production. Oecologia 174: 699-712. 10.1007/s00442-013-2832-3. PDF


Potter, G., Speers, A., Budge, S.M. 2013. 3-OH oxylipins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Journal of the Institute of Brewing 119: 85-85. PDF

Noren, D.P., Budge, S.M., Iverson, S.J., Goebel, M.E., Costa, D.P., Williams, T.M. 2013. Blubber fatty acid changes in Northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) during the postweaning fast. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 183: 1065-1074. doi: 10.1007/s00360-013-0773-0. PDF

Sullivan Ritter, J.C., Budge, S.M. and Jovica, F. 2013. Quality analysis of commercial fish oil preparations. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 93: 1935-1939. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.5994. PDF


Sullivan Ritter, J.C. and Budge, S.M. 2012. Key lipid oxidation products can be used to predict sensory quality of fish oils with different levels of EPA and DHA. Lipids 47: 1169-1179. PDF

Lind, Y., Bäcklin, B.M., Lundström, K., Budge, S.M., Walton, M., Karlsson, O. 2012. Stability of fatty acid composition in seal blubber during long-term storage. Marine Ecology Progress Series 461: 283-291. PDF

Sullivan, J.C., Budge, S.M. 2012. Fish oil sensory properties can be predicted using key oxidative volatiles. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology 114: 496-503. PDF

Liwanag, H.E.M., Berta, A., Costa, D.P., Budge, S.M. and Williams, T.M. 2012. Morphological and thermal properties of mammalian insulation:
The evolutionary transition to blubber in pinnipeds. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 107: 774-787. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.2012.01992.x. PDF

Budge, S.M., Penney, S.N., Lall, S.P. 2012. Estimating diets of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) using fatty acid signature analyses; validation with controlled feeding studies. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 69-1033-1046. PDF

Piercey, M.J., Mazzanti, G., Budge, S.M., Delaquis, P.J., Paulson, A.T., Truelstrup Hansen, L. 2012. Antimicrobial activity of allyl isothiocyanate entrapped in cyclodextrin when applied in vitro and to packaged, fresh-cut onions. Food Microbiology. 30: 213-218. PDF

Glover, K.E., Budge, S.M., Rose, M., Rupasingh, V., MacLaren,L., Green- Johnson, J., Fredeen, A. 2012. Effect of feeding fresh forage and marine algae on the fatty acid composition and oxidation of milk and butter. Journal of Dairy Science. 95: 2797-2809. PDF


Budge, S.M., Penney, S.N. and Lall, S.P. 2011. Response of tissue lipids to diet variation in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): Implications for estimating diets with fatty acid analysis. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 409: 267-274. PDF

Budge, S.M., Wang, S.W., Hollmén, T.E. and Wooller, M.J. 2011. Carbon isotopic fractionation in eider adipose tissue varies with fatty acid structure: Implications for trophic studies. Journal of Experimental Biology 214: 3790-3800. PDF

Rathgeber, B.M., Anderson, D.M., Thompson, K.L., MacIsaac, J.L. and Budge, S.M. 2011. Color and fatty acid profile of abdominal fat pads from broiler chickens fed lobster meal. Poultry Science 90: 1329-1333. doi:10.3382/ps.2010-01111. PDF

Sullivan, J.C., Budge, S.M. and St-Onge, M. 2011. Modeling the primary oxidation in commercial fish oil preparations. Lipids 46: 87-93. PDF


Hamam, F. and Budge, S.M. 2010. Structured and specialty lipids in continuous packed column reactors: Comparison of production using one and two enzyme beds. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society 87: 385-394. doi: 10.1007/s11746-009-1515-z. PDF

Sullivan, J.C., Budge, S.M. and Timmins, A. 2010. Rapid method for determination of residual tert-butanol in liposomes using solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography. Journal of Chromatographic Science 48: 289-292. PDF

Ghaly, A.E., Dave, D., Brooks, M.S. and Budge, S.M. 2010. Production of biodiesel by enzymatic transesterification: review. American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology 6: 54-76. PDF

Ghaly, A.E., Dave, D., Budge, S.M. and Brooks, M.S. 2010. Fish spoilage mechanisms and preservation techniques: review. American Journal of Applied Sciences 7: 859-877. PDF


Sullivan, J.C., Budge, S.M. and St-Onge, M. 2009. Determining ethyl esters in fish oil with solid phase microextraction and GC-MS. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society. 86: 743-748. PDF

Zahorodny Duggan, Z.P., Koopman, H.N. and Budge, S.M. 2009. Distribution and development of the highly specialized lipids in the sound reception systems of dolphins. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 179: 783–798. DOI 10.1007/s00360-009-0360-6. PDF

Cooper, M.H., Budge, S.M., Springer, A.M. and Sheffield, G. 2009. Resource partitioning by sympatric pagophilic seals in Alaska: monitoring effects of climate variation with fatty acids. Polar Biology 32: 1137–1145. DOI 10.1007/s00300-009-0614-5. PDF


Budge, S.M., Wooller, M.J., Springer, A.M., Iverson, S.J., McRoy, C.P., and Divoky, G.J. 2008. Tracing carbon flow in an arctic marine food web using fatty acid-stable isotope analysis. Oecologia 157: 117-129. DOI 10.1007/s00442-008-1053-7. PDF

Budge, S.M., Springer, A.M., Iverson, S.J., Sheffield, G. and Rosa, C. 2008. Blubber fatty acid composition of bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus: implications for diet assessment and ecosystem monitoring. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 359: 40-46. PDF

Chhetri, A. B., Tango, M. S., Budge, S. M., Watts, K. C. and Islam, M. R. 2008. Non-edible plant oils   as new sources for biodiesel production. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 9: 169-180. PDF


Budge, S. M., Springer, A. M., Iverson, S. J. and Sheffield, G. 2007. Fatty acid biomarkers reveal niche separation in an arctic benthic food web. Marine Ecology Progress Series 336: 305-309. PDF

Thiemann, G. W., Budge, S. M., Iverson, S. J. and Stirling, I. 2007. Unusual fatty acid biomarkers reveal age- and sex-specific foraging in polar bears (Ursus maritimus). Canadian Journal of Zoology. 85: 505-517. PDF

Budge, S. M., Iverson, S. J. and Koopman, H. N. 2006. Studying trophic ecology in marine ecosystems using fatty acids: A primer on analysis and interpretation. Marine Mammal Science 22: 759-801. PDF Appendices

Koopman, H. N., Budge, S. M, Ketten, D. and Iverson, S. J. 2006. The topographical distribution of lipids inside the mandibular fat bodies of odontocetes: Remarkable complexity and consistency. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering 31: 95-106. PDF